Sports have influenced people all over the world, with the most popular being football. However, despite this, Japan is one of the few nations where traditional sports are as popular as modern ones. In fact, the country made significant contributions to the repertory of modern sports. The French also took the lead in the development of the bicycle, which they popularized. They held the first Paris-Rouen race in 1869, and the Tour de France was founded in 1903. In 1964, the sport became an Olympic sport.
Generally, sport is governed by a set of rules and customs to ensure fair competition and consistent adjudication of winners. These rules and customs include objective measures and subjective measures of a sport’s performance. Some athletes argue that they are as much athletes as race car drivers, because they rely on their quick reflexes and dexterity to control a computer-controlled controller.
Emotions are also important aspects of the sporting experience. They reflect an athlete’s perception of their own performance, as well as those of their teammates. These feelings can arise before, during, and after a game. Many athletes have specific rules for managing their feelings. For example, appropriate behaviour is expected during the national anthem or during a postgame victory celebration.
As a social construct, sports can also help construct national identities. For example, in the late nineteenth century, sports became a form of “patriot games.” This was a form of nationalism, with established groups using sport as a symbol for national identity. Alternatively, they can reinforce or undermine social power, illustrating the politics of national identity.